Jan. 8th, 2014

Попалась мне на глаза интересная цитата из Йешаяху Лейбовича, в которой он критикует с точки зрения ортодоксального иудаизма преклонение перед текстом Ветхого Завета. Сравнение такого преклонения с лютеранством особенно интересно:
That perennial gadfly, Yeshayahu Leibowitz, complained about the "bibliolatry" of David Ben-Gurion and like-minded secular Zionists:

"Current attempts to identify Judaism with the Hebrew Bible, which is presented as proclaiming values, ideals, and a vision that "shine with their own light," are unrelated to the Halakhah and are independent of it. This kind of bibliolatry is Lutheran, not Jewish. Historically, Israel never lived or intended to live by Scripture, nor was it ever intended so to live religiously. Israel conducted its life in accordance with the Halakhah as propounded in the Oral Law. From the view-point of human values the above identification overrates the importance of the Bible. As instruments of moral education, Sophocles' Antigone or Kant's Grundlegung are possibly superior. As philosophy, the Bible's importance cannot compare to that of Plato or, again, Kant. Regarded as poetry, Sophocles or Shakespeare may surpass it. As history, Thucydides is certainly more interesting and profound. Only as the words of the living God is the Bible incommensurable with Sophocles and Shakespeare, Plato and Kant, Thucydides, or any other work of man. But what way have I of knowing that these twenty-four books are Holy Scripture other than through the Halakhah which canonized them?"

Возможно, стоит прочитать эссе Лейбовича целиком.

(источник - рецензия, сама по себе небезлюбопытная, на книгу How to Read the Bible: A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now, о которой написал LanguageHat и вызвал мое любопытство).
Макс Тегмарк, космолог из МИТ и автор гипотезы математической Вселенной, выложил статью в архив:

Consciousness as a State of Matter

Первое впечатление - что ему попалась особенно ядреная партия травы.

We examine the hypothesis that consciousness can be understood as a state of matter, "perceptronium", with distinctive information processing abilities. We explore five basic principles that may distinguish conscious matter from other physical systems such as solids, liquids and gases: the information, integration, independence, dynamics and utility principles. If such principles can identify conscious entities, then they can help solve the quantum factorization problem: why do conscious observers like us perceive the particular Hilbert space factorization corresponding to classical space (rather than Fourier space, say), and more generally, why do we perceive the world around us as a dynamic hierarchy of objects that are strongly integrated and relatively independent? Tensor factorization of matrices is found to play a central role, and our technical results include a theorem about Hamiltonian separability (defined using Hilbert-Schmidt superoperators) being maximized in the energy eigenbasis. Our approach generalizes Giulio Tononi's integrated information framework for neural-network-based consciousness to arbitrary quantum systems, and we find interesting links to error-correcting codes, condensed matter criticality, and the Quantum Darwinism program, as well as an interesting connection between the emergence of consciousness and the emergence of time.

Сознание как особое состояние материи! Квантовый дарвинизм! Предел в 37 бит единовременно воспринимаемой информации! Интегрированная иерархия объектов!

Нет, по-моему это все-таки трава.

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